Expanding Ekphrasis to the Broader Field of Mnemotechny: or How the Shield of Achilles Relates to a Towel, Car, and Water Buffalo

If Lynne Kelly’s thesis about the methods of memory used by indigenous peoples is correct, and I strongly believe it is, then the concept of ekphrasis as illustrated in the description of the Shield of Achilles in Homer’s Iliad (Book 18, lines 478–608) is far more useful than we may have previously known. I strongly suspect that Achilles’ Shield is an early sung version of a memory palace to which were once attached other (now lost) memories from Bronze Age Greece.

The word ekphrasis, or ecphrasis, comes from the Greek for the description of a work of art produced as a rhetorical exercise, often used in the adjectival form ekphrastic.—Wikipedia

While many may consider this example of Homer’s to be the first instance of ekphrasis within literature (primarily because it specifically depicts an artwork, which is part of the more formal definition of the word), I would posit that even earlier descriptions in the Iliad itself which go into great detail about individuals and their methods of death are also included in a broader conception of ekphrasis. This larger ekphrasis subsumes all of these descriptions in an tradition of orality as being portions of ancient memory palaces within a broader field of mnemotechny. I imagine that these graphic, bloody, and larger-than-life depictions of death not only encoded the names and ideas of the original people/ancestors, but they were also quite likely to have had additional layers of memory encoded (or attached) to them as well. Here I’m suggesting that while an actual shield may or may not have originally existed that even once the physical shield or other object is gone or lost that the remembered story of the shield still provides a memory palace to which other ideas can be attached.

(I’ll remind the forgetful reader than mnemotechny grows out of the ancient art of rhetoric as envisioned in Rhetorica ad Herennium, and thus the use of ekphrasis as a rhetorical device implicitly subsumes the idea of memory, though most modern readers may not have that association.)

Later versions of ekphrasis in post-literate history may have been more about the arts themselves and related references and commentary (example: Keats’ Ode on a Grecian Urn), but I have a strong feeling that this idea’s original incarnation was more closely related to early memory methods at the border of oral and literate societies.

In other words, ancient performers, poets, etc. may have created their own memory palaces by which they were able to remember long stories like the Iliad, but what is to say that these stories themselves weren’t in turn memory palaces to the listeners themselves? I myself have previously used the plot and portions of the movie Fletch as a meta memory palace in just this way. As the result of ritualistic semi-annual re-watchings of classic and engaging movies like this, I can dramatically expand my collection of memory palaces. The best part is that while my exterior physical location and surroundings may change, classics movies will always stay the same. And in a different framing, my memories of portions of history may also help me recall a plethora of famous movie quotes as well.

Can I borrow your towel? My car just hit a water buffalo.—Irwin M. Fletcher

(Originally posted at http://stream.boffosocko.com/2019/expanding-ekphrasis-to-the-broader-field-of-mnemotechny-or-how)

Does anyone else use easily remembered or oft-visited artworks, novels, stories, films, etc. as a form of memory palace?

Can anyone else think of examples of stories, literature, etc. which may have been ekphrastically used as memory palaces in early oral or just literate cultures? Apparently the idea was popular enough that it was replicated in incarnations like the shield of Aeneas in Virgil’s Aeneid.


this is extremely interesting to me , thank you . I can’t have a copy of Memory Craft and I’m surprised how painful that is but , I’ve used my own drawings and especially abstract art which I know every stroke. I also started using pieces of memory palaces as memory palaces themselves, and pieces of these pieces as memory palaces, letters of words becoming palaces…

I use memory Palace in different manner
If you like you follow this
First of all I numbered all country In a straight line.
That is 1,2,3,4etc
And after this I use 10 famous city of that country with the help of my system.
Symbol of my system.
1- A
2- B
3- C
4- D
5- L
6 -S
7- K
8- H
9 -N and I
In Asian continent
For India I numbered 1
And after that
11- last digit represents city name everyone can
use this because in every person mind different city located
For India - 1
11- A - Agra
12 -B - Bhopal
13 -C- Chennai
14 -D - Delhi
15 -L -Ludhiana
16 -S - Shimla
17 -K - Kolkata
18 - H - Haridwar
19 - N - Nagpur
10- Ooty

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Here are a few other very early examples prior to or around the time of the Iliad:

  • Enkidu funerary statue in Gilgamesh
  • Jason’s mantle in Argonautica
  • Tabernacle description in book of Exodus chapters 25–27 and 35–40
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Whysies? Is it verboten where you are ?

I had to stop working and am just getting by… Will be awhile, but am getting so much from Lynne and others here about it so I am not complaining, just happy we all share so well right here first and foremost.