How to memorize linking words and apply them?



I‘m currently preparing for my English exams and thought that learning linking words would be beneficial for my text-writing, as my teacher gives great attention to linking words. There are many linking words but I don’t really know how to memorize them efficiently and apply them correctly in the exam. Do you have some ideas and advices? I will link an exemplarily list of linking words so you have an idea which words I’m talking about.