All System you need to know (Numbers)

I read many topics that how to memorize numbers.
And I found many different types of techniques to memorize numbers.

I will tell you the basics of the method , how methods works , for full details and list search in art of memory search bar.

I listed below -

Mainly based on 2 digit

1. Bhoot Sankhya paddhati (Ancient)

It is an ancient indian method of expressing numbers as words in which simple words are used that relate to a certain number.
This method was prevalent in Indian astronomers and mathematicians since ancient times.
Here bhoot means - any root or concious of the universe , constant or variable substance or creature.

Example - Eyes = 2 (because most of the creatures has 2 eyes including human)
Sky = 0
Planet = 9
Moon = 1
And so on.

We will talk about this method in more detail in another thread.

2. Shaper system (Erol) - As I know , This method was started by erol in which you have to choose such a object or person that shapes looks like the number.

Example- 0 -egg (because egg looks like 0)
1 - lighter , pencil
2 - duck
3 - moustache , lip , trident and so on.

If you want to see the full version then search shaper system in art of memory forum search bar.

3. Pronunciation system (Raja) - This method was created by me .
In this method you have to pronounce the number and find a word that has similar pronunciation.
It is different than rhyme method.

In rhyme method one is bun , but if you want to use pronunciation than one is wanted , wonder woman and so on.

Example - 1 - ek - (activa)
2 - do - ( doremon)
40 - chalis - (Charlie Chaplin)

If you want more details , you can also search this in art of memory search bar.

4. Wang feng system (Wang feng) - It is similar like above method but little different.
As I know , It is mostly used by Chinese and Japanese people not by English speaking users.

Example - 23 - two three (and find word that has similar sound)
56 - five six

5. Consonant-Vowel system (Josh) -
First assigned letters for numbers 0 to 9 and then choose vowels for numbers 0 to 9.

Then make a words with letter + vowels .

Like - 0 - o , 1 - i , 2 - u (vowels)
0 - s , 1 - t , 2 - n (consonant)

22 - su - sumo
21 - si - sim
11 - ti - tin

For full list of the words , search this in search bar.

6. Kana System (bjoern) - I don’t know how this method works.

Based on 2 digit , 3 digit - Bigger System

7. Katapyadi system (Ancient) -

The letter assignment was made by ancient people.
image_search_1606297537543
Now you have all letters for numbers , make words and memorize them.

8. Major System (Ancient) -
It is based on phonetic sounds not letters and here is list of letters that represents numbers.
Make words with this letters and make a list for numbers 00 to 99 in the beginning.

When you understand this system more ,you can make your first 000 to 999 images.
And it will takes time to make your first 3 digit system.
Almost 3 months to make 3 digit system and managing speed memorizing.

image_search_1606297643216

9. Ben system (Ben) -


ben pridmore used major system in different manor.
He uses first number as major system letter and second number as vowels that he made.
And last Number again major system letter.

Basically it is consonant - vowel - consonant system.

Example - 949 - bob
943 - bom - bomb
951 - but - button and so on.

There is a bunch of list of ben System in forum .

10. PAO System (Dominic O’Brien) - In this method ,
Our first step is to assigned person for numbers 00 to 99 .
Second step is to give them action and last add a object.

Example - 15 is Albert Einstein writing with a chalk
Person - Albert Einstein
Action - Writing
Object - Chalk

52 - bear Grylls eating snake.

And if you have to memorize this number
155215

Albert Einstein eating chalk.

11. Slate System (Slate) - slate already explained in very detail about this method in another thread.
So it is better to seach in search bar.

12. Category system -

First approach -

In this method you have to choose categories for Numbers 0 to 9.

Example - 9 is Animals category.
So make a list of 100 animals.

You can further devided animal category in sub 10 category like mammals, insects , amphibian , birds and so on.

Example - 945 - fish
912 - bear.

Second approach - choose 100 categories for Numbers 00 to 99 and then make 10 list of words in every category.

13. आर्यभट्ट की संख्या पद्धति - This is ancient Indian method to represent numbers.
It is made by Aryabhatta that discovered 0.

The main feature of this method is that by using it , the numbers coming from mathematics and astronomy could also be used easily in the verses.
This method can even be used to represents fractions and mixed fractions.

I didn’t find anything about this method in art of memory forum.
If you want full details than search on Wikipedia.
There is a full detail of this system.

14. My new approach - Letter System ( बारहखड़ी , वर्णमाला system)

By this method you can also make your 4 digit system , but now I am only focussing to make 2 digit system.

If you want to use only 2 digit system than
a ,aa - 00
i , ee - 01
u, oo - 02
e , ei - 03
o , ou - 04

00 - a / ya
01 - i / yi
02 - u / yu
03 - e / ye
04 - o / yo
05 - ha
06 - hi
07 - hu
08 - he
09 - ho
10 - Ta
11 - Ti
12 - Tu
13 - Te
14 - To
15 - Da
16 - Di
17 - Du
18 - De
19 - Do
20 - ta / tha
21 - ti / thi
22 - tu / thu
23 - te / the
24 - to / tho
25 - da / dha
26 - di / dhi
27 - du / dhu
28 - de / dhe
29 - do / dho
30 - ra
31 - ri
32 - ru
33 - re
34 - ro
35 - la
36 - li
37 - lu
38 - le
39 - lo
40 - pa / pha
41 - pi / phi
42 - pu / phu
43 - pe / phe
44 - po / pho
45 - ba / bha
46 - bi / bhi
47 - bu / bhu
48 - be / bhe
49 - bo / bho
50 - fa
51 - fi
52 - fu
53 - fe
54 - fo
55 - va
56 - vi
57 - vu
58 - ve
59 - vo
60 - ch / chha
61 - chi / chhi
62 - chu / chhu
63 - che / chhe
64 - cho / chho
65 - ja / jha
66 - ji / jhi
67 - ju / jhu
68 - je / jhe
69 - jo / jho
70 - sa
71 - si
72 - su
73 - se
74 - so
75 - sha
76 - shi
77 - shu
78 - she
79 - sho
80 - ka / kha
81 - ki / khi
82 - ku / khu
83 - ke / khe
84 - ko / kho
85 - ga / gha
86 - gi / ghi
87 - gu / ghu
88 - ge / ghe
89 - go / gho
90 - na
91 - ni
92 - nu
93 - ne
94 - no
95 - ma
96 - mi
97 - mu
98 - me
99 - mo

0 category has sounds that comes from internally without stopping.

2 , 4 , 6 , 8 has hard produced hard sounds and 1 , 3 , 5 , 7 , 9 slow sound.

Example -

0000 - aa - aam (mango)
0001 - ai - airavat (indra vahan)
0002 - au - aurat (lady)
0003 - ae - aeroplane
0004 - ao - aorta
0005 - aha -ahau tulum
0006 - ahi - ahilyabai
0007 - ahu - ahura
0008 - ahe - ahead
0009 - aho - ahoy

And so on…

Sorry this is personal , I can’t share full list and maybe you can’t understand my language words.
I make this in my language.

And if you want to use 2 digit system -

Example - 45 - bakri , balraam , baalvir , barbi , button , bulb , bun
Basically it is based on sounds not letters.

15.Others - those persons that reassigned consonants.

Josh - he reassigned consonant
0 - s/ z
1 - t (not d)
2 - n
3 - m
4 - r
5 - l
6 - b (they look similar)
7 - k
8 - f , v
9 - p (not b)

Yanja -
0 - p
1 - t
2 - n
3 - m
4 - r
5 - s
6 - b
7 - L
8 - f/ v
9 - g

Mine
0 - b , v (ब / व)
1 - t (not d) (ट)
2 - r (र )
3 - m ( म )
4 - p ( प )
5 - L ( ल )
6 - g ( ग )
7 - s ( स )
8 - k ( क )
9 - n ( न)

At last , I think you understand whatever system you choose , our main aim is to convert numbers into images and then placed in Memory palace.
So why you are waiting , let’s go and make your first number system.

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Very nice summary with the number systems.

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Yes, @Rajadodve786, thanks so much for showing me your past topic. I try to find as many related topics as I can but I missed yours. It has many systems that I will add to my list of systems. If I have any questions, I might want to check with you about it. My Hindi isn’t very good. :wink:

@thinkaboutthebible

One system added.

16 - Russian alphanumeric code

Russian Alfanumeric code
1 - ГЖ,
2 - ДТ,
3 -КХ,
4 - ЧЩ,
5 - ПБ,
6 - ШЛ,
7 - СЗ,
8 - ВФ,
9 - РЦ,
0 -МН

Each digit has 2 consonants words are composed of letters, images.

for example:
760 - СЛоН (elephant :elephant:), 101 - ГоНГ (gong), if one word cannot be composed, 2 or more can be, for example: 628 - Ледяной ДВорец (ice palace), 712 - Зеленая ГиТара (green guitar),444 - Черная Черепаха в Чепчике (black turtle in a cap).
If you can’t compose a word somewhere using an alphanumeric code, you can just come up with something of your own, given the number of images.

@Rajadodve786 thanks for the Russian version of a sound encoding system. Do you know where it came from? I wondered why one wouldn’t just use the Major system in a Russian context. Only one (#8) really matches with the Major system. Do you know any Russian? And do you know if any of the other languages that you know are using a modified Major system?

If I remember right, the Indian number system is mentioned in the book “Alex’s adventures in Numberland”

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Here’s the page:

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I don’t know how official that system is
Here’s another closer to the major system we know

0 = с (близка по форме к 0), ж, з, (как похожая по звуку); пример: сей, же, за, еж, ас

1 = д (оДин), т = ад, яд, от, то

2 = н (2 пишется 2-мя черточками) = они, юный, на

3 = м (3 черты) = мы, яма, имя

4 = р (похоже на обратное 4) = ярый, рой

5 = л = ил, ель, ли

6 = г, к, х, = юг, куй, ухо, их

7 = ч (похоже) ц, ш, щ = яйцо, щи, чаша, чай, чей

8 = в, ф (похоже на 8) = в, ива, фея

9 = б (похоже на обратное 9), п = бы, бей, пай

_
this is from the 1893 book

“МНЕМОТЕХНИКА
или искусство укреплять память”

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That looks like 6 and 7 have been switched but almost a perfect match for the Major system. (I never got a chance to use my Russian I learned in high school and college.) Do you have any modern people writing on memory like a Harry Ukrayne? :grinning:

No idea, I’m from Argentina :smiley:
Learning Russian for kicks for a while.

Edit: I hit the reply button but, doesn’t work every time.

Thanks @vector, you must have an outstanding library or at least good research skills!

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All coincidence you know how it could be.
Just last night I opened this .doc I have in my PC since August 7, 2020
and I saw it :shamrock:

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@Rajadodve786, could you comment on the similarities between the Katapyadi system and the Major system? I’m currently reading Excavating the Memory Palace by Seth Long where he says

… a French mathematician and astronomer named Pierre Hérigone developed the technique in his Cursus mathematicus in the 1630s. (However, it must be noted the Hérigone’s system is nearly identical to the Hindi Katapayadi system, which dates to the seventh-century India and was utilized by South Asian astronomers and mathematicians.)

His citation for this is an Indian academic journal article on the system by Sreeramula Rajeswara Sarma in 1999. Long also notes that the system was named the Major system after a popularizer in the 1800s, Major Beniowski, who was a printer and amateur memory athlete.

@vector

Is this words, exactly matches with your major system or not.
Actually, I sent this words to alexander panfilov too , to ask is this words matches with your system but he said he uses a different system (russian alphanumeric code - in which all no. have 2 letters)
I asked him is it based on phonetics (like k and g, ch and j similar sounds) or letters- (he said letters, every no have 2 letters)

0

абы, б, ба, бай, бе, бей, био, бия, боа, бое, бой, буй, бы, бэ, ибо, об, оба, обе, обо, обои, оп, опа, опий, опой, па, пай, пе, пи, ПО, по, пье, пэ, убой, УЭП, юбея, ююба

1

авиа, айва, в, ваия, вайя, ВИА, Вий, во, вой, вы, выя, вэ, Ева, ива, Иов, ОВ, увы, уф, УФ, фа, фай, фау, фе, фея, фи, фойе, фу, фуй, эва, эвоэ, эф, эфа, явь

2

ага, агу, аки, акья, га, гай, гей, гео, Гея, ГО, го, гой, гы, гэ, его, иго, ИК, йог, йога, к, ка, -ка, кеа, кий, Кий, ко, кое-, кой, кой-, ку, ого, Ока, окей, око, угу, ук, эге, эгей, эк, эка, экий, эко, экю, ЭКЮ, юг, яга, як, Як, яко

3

ад, ада, Аид, айда, ат, ату, ауди, аудио, аут, ауто, аэд, аят, да, дао, -де, дей, до, ДУ, дуо, дэ, еда, идея, идо, иды, ИТУ, Иуда, иудеи, йети, йод, йот, йота, ода, оидии, от, ото, тае, таи, тай, тау, те, тейю, то, -то, той, ТОО, ту, Ту, туя, ты, тэ, тю, уд, уда, удой, удэ, уйти, уэд, уют, эта, это, ют, яд, ять

4

аж, ажио, аш, ей-же-ей, ж, же, ЖЭУ, Иж, иже, ишь, очи, ошуюю, уж, уже, ужо, ушу, чай, чао, че, чей, чий, чу, чья, ша, шея, ши, шоу, шэ, ща, щи, ячея, ячий

5

аз, азу, азы, ас, АСУ, ась, АЭС, еси, за, ЗАО, зоо, зуй, зэ, из, изо, ОЗУ, озы, ОС, оса, ось, -с, с, САУ, се, сей, си, сие, сия, со, СОЭ, соя, су, ся, УАЗ, УЗ, уза, УЗИ, узы, усы, эйс, Эос, эс, юз, юс, язь

6

аил, али, алоэ, алый, аль, а-ля, аул, еле, елей, ель, ил, Ил, или, иль, иол, июль, лай, лао, леи, лей, ли, Ли, лье, ля, улей, эль, Эол, юла, яйла, ял

7

ам, амия, ах, ахи, ему, им, ими, имя, иох, их, май, майя, Майя, ме, ми, Ми, моа, мой, му, мы, мю, Ом, ом, ох, охи, уйма, ум, ух, уха, ухо, ха, хай, хао, хи, хуэй, це, цеу, цы, ых, эм, эму, эх, Эхо, эхо, яйцо, ям, яма

8

ан, Ан, аноа, АОН, иена, ин, иней, иния, иной, инь, ион, ионий, июнь, на, наи, най, ная, не, нео, не-я, ни, НИИ, но, Ной, ноо, но-о-о, ну, ньяя, ню, он, оно, оны, оный, уния, эн, эон, юань, юный, ян

9

аир, ар, ара, арии, ария, аура, аэро, ер, еры, ерь, иерей, ор, ория, оры, Ра, рай, райя, РАО, ре, рей, рея, ро, рой, РОЭ, рэ, РЭУ, ура, ыр, эйре, эр, эра, эре, юр, юра, яр, ярый, ярь

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¯_(ツ)_/¯
As I said I extracted that from the book
“МНЕМОТЕХНИКА
или искусство укреплять память”

While we’re at it… here’s another system, this one used by the “Giordano” method
0 – M
1 – N
2 – THZ
3 – B
4 – WVK
5 – FR
6 – JPX
7 – SD
8 – GQL
9 – C

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@thinkaboutthebible

Well, I don’t know which system came first, but I know indian katapyadi system is so ancient. (683 CE the oldest evidence of katapyadi I guess)

Similarities -
Look at katapyadi system
fa848ebfbfb0587aa0fa3532b168e9e06cdb0272

Major system - maybe many years ago someone see the katapyadi system and picked up his letter from this system in a horizontal way. (According to sounds like ka , kh, ga, gha - all becomes 1 digit)

  1. First column - ka, kh, g, gh - 7
    Ch, chh, j, jh - 6
  2. Second column - Ta, Tha, Da, Dha - 1 then Na (2)
    ta, tha, da, dha - 1
    then n (2)
  3. Third column - m, r, l
    And so on, you can notice that too.
    Even if you look at indian alphabets.

@thinkaboutthebible - but dough, ancient Indian katapyadi system users,
Not using this system for every 3 digit number like we using now (make 1000 premade list)

Rather than he using that lettters to make shlokas , and memorize that shlokas.
1 word in a shloka can be 10 or more digit longer.
Example - भद्राम्बुद्धिसिद्धजन्मगणितश्रद्धा स्म यद् भूपगी: - 17 digits of pi (this shlokas made in ancient time)

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